Results of scientific research

Here you can find links to scientific research on the HeartMath tools and techniques.


Emotional Self-Regulation Program Enhances Psychological Health and Quality of Life in Patients with Diabetes

Cardio Vascular Disease

A Controlled Pilot Study of Stress Management Training of Elderly Patients With Congestive Heart Failure
Lessons from Survivors: The Role of Recreation Therapy in Facilitating Spirituality and Well-Being


Maximizing Performance while Reducing Risk

Impact of workplace stress reduction on bloodpressure and emotional health in hypertensive employees

HeartMath and Hypertension, mini trial in Arabia, 2010

Coherence: a novel nonpharmacological modality for lowering bloodpressure in hypertensive patients, Global advances in health and medicine May 2012

Stress & depression & anxiety & schizophrenia

Physical Activity, Mindfulness Meditation, or Heart Rate Variability Biofeedback for Stress Reduction: A randomized Controlled Trial, Appl Psychophysiol Biofeedback (2015) 40:257-268

Biofeedback Intervention for Stress, Anxiety, and Depression among Graduate Students in Public Health Nursing, Nursing Research and Practice, Volume 2015, Article ID 160746

Cardiac coherence training to reduce anxiety in remitted schizophrenia, a pilot study, Appl. Psychophysiology Biofeedback sept 2015

Stress Management Based on Trait-Anxiety Levels and Sleep Quality in Middle-Aged Employees confronted with Psychosocial Chronic Stress, Psychology, Vol 5, 2014

HeartMath in UK healthcare, does it add up?, Journal of holistic Healthcare, Spring 2013

Building Personal and Professional Resources of Resilience and Agility in the Healthcare Workplace, Stress Health 2011

HeartRate Variability Biofeedback for major Depression, Maria Karavidas, PsyD in Biofeedback 2008,Volume 36, Issue 1, pp. 18–21

Afstudeerscriptie: "Kan Stress verminderen door het toepassen van hartcoherentie", Jolant van den Haspel, 2009 

Pilotonderzoek naar de effectiviteit van hartritmevariabiliteit-training, Maarten Koller, 2011

The effect of a biofeedback-based stress management tool on physician stress: a randomized controlled clinical trial, open medicine 2011

Biofeedback Intervention for Stress and Anxiety among Nursing Students: A Randomized Controlled Trial, ISRN Nursing, volume 2012

Treatment of Anxiery and Stress with Biofeedback, Global Advances in Health and Medicine, Volume 1, nr 4, September 2012

A pilot study of heart rate variability biofeedback therapy in the treatment of perinatal depression on a specialized perinatal psychiatry inpatient unit, Archives of Women’s Mental Health , feb 2013,  volume 16.

Building Personal and Professional Resources of Resilience and Agility in the Healthcare Workplace, Teresa Britt Pipe et all, Stress Health (2011)

Effectiveness of emWave biofeedback in improving heart rate variability to and recovery from stress, Appl. Psychophysiol Biofeedback, Jun 2014

Chronic pain

Non-pharmacological intervention for chronic pain in veterans: a pilot study of heart rate variability biofeedback, berry, et al, Global Advances in Health, March 2014

Heart Coherence Training Combined with Back School in Patients with Chronic Non-specific Low Back Pain: First Pragmatic Clinical Results, Appl. Psychophysiol Biofeedback, Soer et Al, October 2014

Education & cognitive function

A mixed method analysis of an Early Intervention Program for students with behavioural and concentration difficulties in two schools in Malmö, Sweden, Doctors thesis Jan 2015, Michael David Lynch

An Institutional Case Study: Emotion Regulation With HeartMath at Santa Cruz County Children’s Mental Health, Global Advances in Health and Medicine, March 2014

Coherence training in children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder: cognitive functions and behavioral changes  Alternative therapies jul/aug 2010, Lloyd, Brett, Wesnes


Emotion Self Regulation, Psychophysiological Coherence and Test Anxiety, Appl. Psychophysiol Biofeedback, 2010

Cardiac coherence, cognitive function and enhancing safety performance using the HeartMath system, Yardley-Jones,Wesnes, 2006

TestEdge® National Demonstration Study 2007
The Garden of the Heart: HeartMath—The New Biotechnology For Treating Children with ADD/ADHD and Arrhythmia
Improving Test-Taking Skills and Academic Performance in High School Students Using HeartMath Learning Enhancement Tools
The Role of the Heart in Learning and Intelligence
Early Childhood Development and Learning:What New Research on the Heart and Brain Tells Us about Our Youngest Children

The effect of HeartMath Techniques on Emotional Intelligence, 2005, Dissertation Sarah Ruth Hake


Emotions & HRV

Heart Rate Variability: new perspectives on Physiological mechanisms, assessment of self-regulatory capacity, and health risk, Global Advances in Medicine, Jan 2015

Cardiac Coherence, self-regulation, autonomic stability and psychosocial well-being, Frontiers in Psychology, sept 2014

A healthy heart is not a metronome, Frontiers in Psychology, sept 2014

The Coherent Heart, Heart–Brain Interactions, Psychophysiological Coherence, and the Emergence of System-Wide Order, Integral review Dec 2009, McCraty et al 

The Psysiological and Psychological effects of Compassion and Anger

The Effects of Emotions on Short-Term Power Spectrum Analysis of Heart Rate Variability, McCraty, American Journal of Cardiology, vol 76 1995
The impact of a new Emotiona Self-Management Program on Stress, Emotions, Heart Rate Variability, DHEA and Cortisol, McCraty et al, Integrative Physiological and Behavioural Science 1998, vol 33


The Heart of Grinnel: a community wide rural health initiative, Alternative Therapies july/aug 2010

Coherence and healthcare cost - RCA actuarial study: a cost-effectiveness cohort study, Alternative Therapies, Juli/Aug 2010

Reformed church of America, analysis of HeartMath experience, nov 2009

Five Global Companies: Personal & Business Benefits of the Inner Quality Management® Program
The Effect of Employee Self-Management Training on Personal and Organizational Quality
Optimizing Performance in Times of Change
Improving the Bottom-Line
Cost Benefits with HeartMath®

Return on investment when implementing the HeartMath System

HeartMath in UK healthcare: does it add up?, Journal of holistic healthcare, Spring 2013


Building Resilience in an Urban Police Department, American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 2016

Police research testimonial Sandra I. Ramey, 2016

Heart Rate Variability and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Biofeedback, Volume 41, 2013

Applying resilience promotion training among special forces police officers, Sage open april-june 2015

Police department personnel Stress Resilience Training: an institutional case study,Global Advances in Health and Medicine, March 2014

Resilience Training Program reduces physiological and psychological stress in police officers, GAHMJ, nov 2012

New Hope for Correctional Officers: An Innovative Program for Reducing Stress and Health Risks, McCraty 2009, Springer

Health, Performance and Resilience

Impact of the HeartMath Self-Management Skills Program on Physiological and Psychological Stress in Police Officers, 1999
Impact of the Power to Change Performance Program on Stress and Health Risks in Correctional Officers, 2003

Impact of Positive Emotions Enhancement on Physiological Processes and Psychological Functioning in Military Pilots, Captain Kerstin Ferres Saint-Aubin, NATO, 2009

The Investigation of Visual Attention and Workload by Experts and Novices in the Cockpit, 2013

Real-time imaging of stress-induced cardiac autonomic adaptation during realistic force-on-force police scenarios, J Police Crim Psych (2015) 30

Methods for real-time assessment of operational stress during realistic police tactical training, Fenici, Handbook of police psychology, 2011


Increasing Performance of Professional Soccer Players and Elite Track and Field Athletes with Peak Performance Training and Biofeedback: A Pilot Study, Appl Psychophysiol Biofeedback, Oct 2016

The effects of Heart Rythm variability biofeedback with emotional regulation on the atlethic performance of women collegiate volleyball players, dissertation Cynthia J. Tanis, 2008


Implementatieonderzoek HeartMath Methode bij studenten van het Prins Claus Conservatorium, juni 2010

Music structure determines heart rate variability of singers, frontiers in psychology, July 2013


The journal of alternative and complementary medicine, volume 10, 2004 "Electrophysiological Evidence of Intuition: Part 1"

The journal of alternative and complementary medicine, volume 10, 2004 "Electrophysiological Evidence of Intuition: Part 2"

Intuitive intelligence, self-regulation and lifting conciousness, Global Advances in Health and Medicine, March 2014


For more information on the Research behind HeartMath we refer you to Research has been publicated in The American Journal of Cardiology, Integrative Phsiological and Behavioral Science and Alternative Therapies. Also you can download a short summary of the Health Care Impact of HeartMath. For an extensive overview of all research and casestudies please go to In case you want to start a research please contact Robert Erdbrink from Heartmath Benelux.